Nanostructures for Energy Conversion & Storage

Sponsors: 
Analog Devices, NSF POETS Center, SRC

The most innovative energy conversion technologies, ranging from solar and thermoelectrics to lasers (which convert electric energy to light), are benefitting from nanostructures and/or nanostructured materials. Thermal phenomena play a central role in the performance and reliability of devices based on these technologies, and we are collaborating with multiple groups on the characterization of these devices as well as on the related transport physics and properties.

Recent progress has focussed on nanolayers of MoS2 and related VDW multilayers, into which ion migration can be used to store energy and (as an important biproduct) modulate the thermal conductivity.  Our activities in this area have included practical thermoelectric conversion structures, based on silicon, for application in low-grade heat recovery.  Thermal engineering of these coverters needs a detailed and careful handling of packaging in order to achieve significant impact.  We've also worked on quantum well laser nanostructures, in which electron confinement enables efficient optical devices in silicon for compatibility with conventional IC circuits. Power absorption in these nanostructures strongly degrades their power emission capabilities and motivates our recent measurements of thermal and optical properties. Additional work is focused on the thermal and thermoelectric properties of nanowires and nanowire films.

Given the multidisciplinary nature of this project, the collaborations span many departments and types of companies and are often student-initiated and led by group members.

PROJECT PUBLICATIONS

Dunham, M.T., Hendricks, T.J., and Goodson, K.E., 2019, "Thermoelectric Generators: A Case Study in Multi-Scale Thermal Engineering Design," Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 51, Ch. 5, pp. 299-350, Elsevier, New York.

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Sood, A., Xiong, F., Chen, S., Wang, H., Selli, D., Zhang, J., McClellan, C.J., Sun, J., Donadio, D., Cui, Y., Pop, E., Goodson, K.E., 2018, "Publisher Correction:  An Electrochemical Thermal Transistor," Nature Communications, Vol. 10, 4465, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12471-4.

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Flader, I.B., Chen, Y.H., Yang, Y.S., Ng, E.J., Shin, D.D., Heinz, D.B., Ortiz, L.C., Alter, A.L., Park, W., Goodson, K.E., Kenny, T.W., 2019, "Micro-Tethering for Fabrication of Encapsulated Inertial Sensors With High Sensitivity," J. MicroElectroMechanical Systems, Vol. 28, pp. 372-381.

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Xu, R.L., Rojo, M.M., Islam, S.M., Sood, A., Vareskic, B., Katre, A., Mingo, N., Goodson, K.E., Xing, H.G., Jena, D., Pop, E., 2019, "Thermal Conductivity of Crystalline AlN and the Influence of Atomic-Scale Defects," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 126, 185105.

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Okabe, K., Sood, A., Yalon, E., Neumann, C.M., Asheghi, M., Pop, E., Goodson, K.E., Wong, H.-S.P., 2019, "Understanding the Switching Mechanism of Interfacial Phase Change Memory," Journal of Applied Physics, 184501, DOI: 10.1063/1.5093907.

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Sood, A., Xiong, F., Chen, S., Cheaito, R., Lian, F., Asheghi, M., Cui, Y., Donadio, D., Goodson, K.E., Pop, E., 2019, "Quasi-Ballistic Thermal Transport Across MoS2 Thin Films," Nano Letters, DOI: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b05174.

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Chen, S., Sood, A., Pop, E., Goodson, K.E., Donadio, D., 2019, "Strongly Tunable Anisotropic Thermal Transport in MoS2 by Strain and Lithium Intercalation: First–Principles Calculations," 2D Materials, Vol 6, 025033.

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Barako, M.T., Lingamneni, S., Katz, J.S., Liu, T., Goodson, K.E., and Tice, J., 2018, "Optimizing the Design of Composite Phase Change Materials for High Thermal Power Density," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 124, 145103.

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Sood, Xiong, Chen, Wang, Selli, Zhang, McClellan, Sun, Donadio, Cui, Pop, Goodson, 2018, 2019, "An Electrochemical Thermal Transistor," Nature Communications, Vol. 9, 4510. See also publisher's correction, Vol. 10, 4465.

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Lorenzi, B., Dettori, R., Dunham, M.T., Melis, C., Tonini, R., Colombo, L., Sood, A., Goodson, K.E., Narducci, D., 2018, "Phonon Scattering in Silicon by Multiple Morphological Defects: A Multiscale Analysis," Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 47, pp. 5148-5157.

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Dunham, M.T., Barako, M.T., Cornett, J.E., Gao, Y., Haidar, S., Sun, N., Asheghi, M., Chen, B., Goodson, K.E., 2018, "Experimental Characterization of Microfabricated Thermoelectric Energy Harvesters for Smart Sensor and Wearable Applications," Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 28, 1803689.  DOI: 10.1002/admt.201700383.

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Kodama, Ohnishi, Park, Shiga, Park, Shimada, Shinohara, Shiomi, Goodson, 2017, “Modulation of Thermal and Thermoelectric Transport in Individual Carbon Nanotubes by Fullerene Encapsulation,” Nature Materials, Vol. 16, pp. 892-897.

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Park, W., Ahn, E., Kodama, T., Park, J., Barako, M. T., Sohn, J., Cho, J., Kim, S., Marconnet, A. M., Asheghi, M., Sinclair, R., and Goodson, K. E., "Phonon Conduction in Silicon Nanobeam Labyrinths,” Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, article 6233.

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Kim, S.J., Kang, J.H., Mutlu, M., Park, J., Park, W., Goodson, K.E., Sinclair, R., Fan, S., Kik, P.G. and Brongersma, M.L., 2018, “Anti-Hermitian photodetector facilitating efficient subwavelength photon sorting,” Nature Communications, Vol. 9, article 316.

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Kim, S.J., Kang, J.H., Mutlu, M., Park, J., Park, W., Goodson, K.E., Sinclair, R., Fan, S., Kik, P.G. and Brongersma, M.L., 2018, “Anti-Hermitian photodetector facilitating efficient subwavelength photon sorting,” Nature Communications, Vol. 9, article 316.

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Huang, S., Lingamneni, S., Xiaolin Zheng, et al., 2017, "Facile Thermal and Optical Ignition of Silicon Nanoparticles and Micron Particles," Nano Letters, Vol. 17, pp. 5925–5930.

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Yalon, E., Aslan, O.B., Smithe, K.K.H., McClellan, C.J., Suryavanshi, S.V., Xiong, F., Sood, A., Neumann, C.M., Xu, X., Goodson, K.E., Heinz, T.F., and Pop, E., 2017, "Temperature Dependent Thermal Boundary Conductance of Monolayer MoS2 by Raman Thermometry,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, pp. 43013-43020.

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Park, W., Kodama, T., Park, J., Cho, J., Sood, A., Barako, M.T., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2017, "Thermal Conduction across Metal-Dielectric Sidewall Interfaces,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, pp. 30100-30106.

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Park, W., Shin, D. D., Kim, S. J., Katz, J. S., Park, J., Ahn, C. H., Kodama, T., Asheghi, M., Kenny, T. W., and Goodson, K.E., 2017, "Phonon Conduction in Silicon Nanobeams," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, article 213102.

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Fong, S.W., Sood, A., Chen, L., Kumari, N., Asheghi, M., Goodson, K.E., Gibson, G.A., and H.S.P. Wong, 2016, "Thermal Conductivity Measurement of Amorphous Dielectric Multilayers for Phase-Change Memory Power Reduction," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 120, 015103.

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LeBlanc, S., Yee, S. K., Scullin, M. L., Dames, C., and Goodson, K. E., 2014, "Material and manufacturing cost considerations for thermoelectrics," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 32, pp 313-327.

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Yee, S.K., Leblanc, S., Goodson, K.E., Dames, C., 2014, "Reply to the comment on "$ per W metrics for thermoelectric power generation: beyond ZT" by G. Nunes, Jr., Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7 DOE:10.1039/C3EE43700K," Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 7., 3441.

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Sood, A., Rowlette, J.A., Caneau, C.G., Bozorg-Grayeli, E., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2014, "Thermal Conduction in Lattice-Matched Superlattices of InGaAs/InAlAs," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, 051909.

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Cahill, D.G., Braun, P.V., Chen, G., Clarke, D.R., Fan, S., Goodson, K.E., Keblinski, P., King, W.P., Mahan, G.D., Majumdar, A., Maris, H.J., Phillpot, S.R., Pop, E., and Shi, L., 2014, "Nanoscale Thermal Transport.  II.  2003-2012," Applied Physics Reviews, Vol., 1, 011305.

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Yee, S., Leblanc, S., Goodson, K.E., and Dames, C., 2013, "A $/W Metric for Thermoelectric Power Generation: Beyond ZT," Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, 2561-2571.

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Marconnet, A.M., Panzer, M.P., and Goodson, K.E., 2013, "Thermal Conduction Phenomena in Carbon Nanotubes and Related Nanostructured Materials," Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 85, pp. 1296-1327.

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Lee, J., Bozorg-Grayeli, E., Kim, S., Asheghi, M., Wong, H.-S., and Goodson, K.E., 2013, "Phonon and Electron Transport through Ge2Sb2Te5 Films and Interfaces Bounded by Metals," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, 191911.

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Marconnet, A.M., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2013, "From the Casimir Limit to Phononic Crystals: Twenty Years of Phonon Transport Studies using Silicon-on-Insulator Technology," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 135, 061601 (Heat Transfer Divison Anniversary Issue).

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Weisse, J.M., Marconnet, A.M., Kim, D.R., Rao, P., Panzer, M.A., Goodson, K.E., Zheng, X., 2012, "Thermal conductivity in porous silicon nanowire arrays," Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 7, Article 554.

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Li, Z., Jeyasingh, R.G.D., Lee, J., Asheghi, M., Wong, H.S.P., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Electrothermal Modeling and Design Strategies for Multibit Phase Change Memory," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 59, pp. 3561-3567.

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Leblanc, S., Swartzenruber, Marinez, J., Christoforo, G., Kodama, T., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Nanoscale Manipulation, Heating, and Welding of Nanowires," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 134, Article 080910-1.

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LeBlanc, S., Phadke, S., Kodama, T., Salleo, A., and Goodson, K.E., 2012,  "Electrothermal Phenomena in Zinc Oxide Nanowires and Contacts," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, 163105.

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Lee, J., Kim, S., Marconnet, A., in t' Zandt, M.A.A., Asheghi, M., Wong, H.S.P., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Thermoelectric Characterization and Power Generation using a Silicon-on-Insulator Substrate," Journal of MicroElectroMechanical Systems, Vol. 21, pp. 4-6.

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Marconnet, A.M., Kodama, T., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Phonon Conduction in Periodically Porous Silicon Nanobridges," Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 199-219.

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Lee, J., Kodama, T., Won, Y., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Phase and Temperature Dependent Thermoelectric Properties of Ge2Sb2Te5 Films down to 25 nm Thickness," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 112, 014902.

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Yoneoka, S., Lee, J., Liger, M., Yama, G.,  Kodama, T., Gunji, M., Provine, J., Howe, R.T., Goodson, K.E., and Kenny, T.W., 2012, "Electrical and Thermal Conduction in ALD Nanobridges Down to 7-nm Thickness," Nano Letters, Vol. 12, pp. 683-686.

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Marconnet, A., Panzer, M., Yerci, S., Minissale, S., Wang, X., Zhang, X., Negro, L.D., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Thermal Conductivity and Photoluminescence of Light-Emitting Silicon Nitride Films," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, 051908.

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Lee, J., Asheghi, M., Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Impact of thermoelectric phenomena on phase-change memory performance metrics and scaling," Nanotechnology, Vol. 23, 205201.

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Rowlette, J.A., Kekatpure, R.D., Panzer, M.A., Brongersma, M.L., and Goodson, K.E., 2009, "Nonradiative Recombination in Strongly Interacting Silicon Nanocrystals Embedded in Amorphous Silicon-Oxide Films," Physical Review B, Vol. 80, 045314.

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Kodama, T., Jain, A., and Goodson K.E., 2009, "Heat Conduction through a DNA-Gold Composite," Nano Letters, Vol. 9, pp 2005-2009.

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Chandorkar, S.A., Candler, R.N., Duwel, A., Melamud, R., Agarwal, M., Goodson, K.E., and Kenny, T. W., 2009, "MultiMode Thermoelastic Dissipation," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, 043505.

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Jain, A., and Goodson, K.E., 2008, "Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Heat Capacity of Free-Standing Shape Memory Thin Films using the 3w Method," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 130, 102402.

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Panzer, M.P., and Goodson, K.E., 2008, "Thermal Resistance Between Low-Dimensional Nanostructures and Semi-Infinite Media," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, pp. 094301.

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Touzelbaev, M.N., Zhou, P., Venkatasubramanian, R., Goodson, K.E., 2001, "Thermal Characterization of Bi2Te3/Sb2Te3 Superlattices," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 90, pp. 763-767.

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Goodson, K.E., and Flik, M.I., 1994, "Solid-Layer Thermal-Conductivity Measurement Techniques," Applied Mechanics Reviews, Vol. 47, pp. 101-112.

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Flik, M.I., Choi, B.I., and Goodson, K.E., 1992, "Heat Transfer Regimes in Microstructures," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 114, pp. 666-674.

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