Electrothermal Nanobridges & Nanowires

We invest much time and effort into measuring and modeling the intrinsic thermal, electrical, and thermoelectric transport properties of individual nanostructures.  Relevant material systems include metal and semiconductor nanobridges and nanowires and carbon and graphene based nanotubes and membranes.  These structures are promising for applications ranging from energy conversion and photonic sources to data storage and semiconductor logic.  While the measurements tend to be designed separately for each specific nanostructure, these measurements share fabrication and calibration methodologies and can generally be considered to belong to a single toolset.

A critical part of this research is lithography (including e-beam) and reactive and chemical etching performed at the Stanford Nanofabrication Facility (SNF).  When possible and necessary we leverage leading edge nanofabrication procedures such as atomic layer deposition and solution synthesis.  Recent examples in our current research include measurements of the thermal and electrical properties along metal bridges below 10 nm in thickness and studies of electrothermal transport in zinc oxide ZnO nanowires.  In addition, we are investigating heat conduction properties along laterally periodic porous silicon nanostructures for applications in photonic and thermoelectric energy conversion.  Earlier work applied these techniques to measure the electrical and thermal conductances along single wall carbon nanotubes.

Related Publications

Yoneoka, S., Lee, J., Liger, M., Yama, G.,  Kodama, T., Gunji, M., Provine, J., Howe, R.T., Goodson, K.E., and Kenny, T.W., 2012, "Electrical and Thermal Conduction in ALD Nanobridges Down to 7-nm Thickness," Nano Letters, Vol. 12, pp. 683-686.

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Kodama, T., Jain, A., and Goodson K.E., 2009, "Heat Conduction through a DNA-Gold Composite," Nano Letters, Vol. 9, pp 2005-2009.

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Pop, E., Mann, D., Cao, J., Wang, Q., Goodson, K.E., and Dai, H., 2005, "Negative Differential Conductance and Hot Phonons in Suspended Nanotube Molecular Wires," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, pp. 155505-155509.

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LeBlanc, S., Phadke, S., Kodama, T., Salleo, A., and Goodson, K.E., 2012,  "Electrothermal Phenomena in Zinc Oxide Nanowires and Contacts," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, 163105.

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Marconnet, A.M., Kodama, T., Asheghi, M., and Goodson, K.E., 2012, "Phonon Conduction in Periodically Porous Silicon Nanobridges," Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 199-219.

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Pop, E., Mann, D.A., Goodson, K.E., and Dai, H., 2007, "Electrical and Thermal Transport in Metallic Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes on Insulating Substrates," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, 093710-093720.

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