Department of Mechanical Engineering
Kenneth E. Goodson
Mann, D., Pop, E., Cao, J., Wang, Q., Goodson, K.E., and Dai, H., 2006, "Thermal and Molecular Stimulated Relaxation of Hot Phonons in Suspended Carbon Nanotubes," Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, pp. 1502-1505.
The high-bias electrical transport properties of suspended metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are investigated at various temperatures in vacuum, in various gases, and when coated with molecular solids. It is revealed that nonequilibrium optical phonon effects in suspended nanotubes decrease as the ambient temperature increases. Gas molecules surrounding suspended SWNTs assist the relaxation of hot phonons and afford enhanced current flow along nanotubes. Molecular solids of carbon dioxide frozen onto suspended SWNTs quench the nonequilibrium phonon effect. The discovery of strong environmental effects on high current transport in nanotubes is important to high performance nanoelectronics applications of 1D nanowires in general.